월요일, 9월 16, 2019

Green Architecture, technology is prepared: now time to go to market

After the Green Building Act was established and pronounced on 03. 2013, numerous related laws and systems have been created. Building Energy Conservation Plan, Total Energy Consumption Regulation, Energy Management by Objective, road map, criteria and enactment of Energy Consumption Certificate System, Demonstration Project for Green Remodeling Vitalization, Energy Inspector License Examination which will start from next year, and lastly the Green Building Certification System, which the name has been changed from Eco-friendly to Green.

But the market is neither hasting nor sensitive to these changes. Hence, we hosted to waken the market.

Green Building Symposium, coordinated by Architecture & Urban Space Research Center, a.k.a. AURI, was hosted in attempt to discuss the core issues of Green Building, focusing on timeliness. Reducing greenhouse gas, which represents Green Building, nevertheless, has a very wide spectrum.

For example, “Protect the Earth Environment Plan” started from a discussion on reducing greenhouse gas (CO2) in 1992, as it is one of the main causes of global warming. And after Transport Protocol was adopted in 1997, greenhouse gas reduction has affected widely from ‘multilateral structure of the international society’ to domestic industrial structure and people’s daily lives throughout the recent 20 years and will continue on.

Also, reduction of greenhouse gas in architecture, in particular, will determine added values not only at construction sites, but also in people’s daily lives, processes of building, buying, selling, renting and leasing houses, paying taxes, cost planning, and of all related services and goods.

On the other hand, the hegemony of ‘cooperation and competition on greenhouse gas reduction’ has triggered conflicts among countries in the international society. And it has become a great survival game with two targets: externally ‘solutions for changes of weather’, and internally ‘energy security’.

This quarrel makes the equation ‘CO2 reduction = blue ocean’ incomplete. Advanced countries (U.S.A., Japan and Canada) and developing countries (China and India) all have different excuses to ignore the targets for reduction they promised or leave the protocol; only Europe involves in actively and honestly.

Furthermore, the U.S.A., who had been uncooperative with the protocol, lately became very aggressive and is attempting to take over the initiative of the protocol. The cowboy is trying to reset the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference of the Parties (UNFCCC-COP), which they denied to involve in when established.

Experts say that the sensitive climate of the international society might be complicated to respond to for the government, but it would not affect the necessity of reducing greenhouse gas and vitalization of Green Building in Korea.

In 2030, Energy use of buildings in Korea will reach 40%. It is around 21% now, but considering the precedents of advanced countries, it will increase in such fashion.

Then how far have we done with Green Building? We can tell we are prepared for it at least. We have invested on researches and demonstration projects on Green Building design and construction with a long term plan during the last 10 years, and our accumulated technology today is even competitive with that of advanced countries. The problem now is to form a market. Since we have technology, we should commercialize it.

More than anything, we do not have Green (eco-friendly) Building materials, facilities and equipment, and related businesses are not developed sufficiently yet. Also, we do not have specialists to design, build, supervise, estimate, evaluate or diagnose the plan. In other words, this can be a new growth industry and an opportunity for creation of new jobs.

The finance, however, is very adamant and obstinate. Since its payback period is long and the business value is very low, it is not an intriguing object to private investors. Major construction firms stepped back and are watching if any minor firm or cooperative company is willing to start this up.

What government should do now is to find solutions to these problems and what kind of incentives and systems they should offer investors. Also during that process, significant issues will rise up: ‘active or passive,’ ‘Plan or Facility’ and ‘Building or Remodeling.’ And consequently each division will be able to cumulate knowledge and know-hows to respond to the changes of weather and achieve global competitiveness.

To avoid failure, we have to build a very powerful foundation. The government is planning to establish the first five-year-long master plan for Green Building after the enactment of Green Building Act. And for this, a public hearing will be held in October. I hope it would be successful. We might not be able to go up two steps at a time, but one well-made step can be a halfway to success.

 

Writer:
Yee OhJooEun
architectural journalist
email: yojest@naver.com

 

The article offers received.
Original article : http://www.conslove.co.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=32912 (Korean language)

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