Most of modern structures are built with glass and concrete because these two are general materials and easy to use. Recently, a number of architects who seek to use various types of construction materials are rising. Also, a lot of structures are built with various materials. The project for the Missions Center, which is completed recently, was progressed by following a designated program with given materials. The architect had to design the building by considering the planned program and using given objects.
A client has donated Russian red pines from a businessman whom he met in Russia. And he wanted the building to design the Missions Center by using the red pines. While Hyung-chul Shin, the architect, was looking at a pile of donated red pines in a rainy day, he felt that wet pines looked as if they were dead trees, lying down horizontally. For this reason, he would like to express the resurrection by making dead pines stand vertically.
This project was begun with an idea, “making dead trees stand again.” It was designed to contain a church, a cafeteria and accommodations that are capable of covering 100 people. There was a difficulty to construct the building with only one material. Thus, the exterior skin has to be covered with polycarbonate and the interior of the church, the very core place of the Missions Center, was built with logs. Due to a diverse size of logs, they were classified by different size. The big logs were used to build an entrance, and small ones were to make a dome. To build the dome with log, a grid frame was made of iron and the logs were cut cross grooves in order to combine logs with the grid frame. The dome, which was made by standing logs upright, represents the world and also plays an important role as the core place in the Missions Center. There are 12 spaces in it that touch the sky directly. In addition, those spaces symbolize twelve tribes of Israel from the Old Testament and the Twelve from the New Testament.
Seats in the church were organized in a circle so that all of them are able to face the center of the room. In the center, there is the spring water which embraces the cross. Crossing the spring water is the only way to reach the cross. The cross was designed to be thin, weak and scanty to remind the passion of Christ by searing, cutting and scratching an aluminum bar.
The church consoles people who visit this place by embracing the vitality of trees and religious words. The church of the Missions Center would be a comfort to those in need. Besides, hopefully, the Missions Center of the Missionary Village would be a place that brings comfort to retired missionaries.
Architect: Shinslab(Tchely Shin Hyung-Chul, Shin Claire) + IISAC
Location: 105-15, Seolgok-ri, Seorak-myeon, Gapyeong-gun, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
Site area: 7,490.00㎡
Building area: 1,489.40㎡
Gross floor rea: 4,109.61㎡
Building scope: B1F, 3F
Structure: Steel frame, RC
Exterior finishing: T.12Polycarbonate panel, exposed concrete, T.24 LOW-E pair glass,
Interior finishing: Red pine wood, painting
Design period: 2009.2 ~ 2014.5
Construct period: 2011.4 ~ 2014.6
Structrural engineering: Bollinger & Grohmann
Photographer: Donghwan Lee, Shinslab